Today’s livestock industry heavily uses artificial insemination to breed animals. Artificial Insemination (AI) is manually injecting semen into a female to breed. AI is used because it is faster to see genetic improvement among the species. Since 1933, AI has been used commercial in the United States to breed cattle, sheep, swine and horses. It is heavily used in the dairy industry; around 75% of dairy cattle are breed using artificial insemination. AI is profoundly used in the dairy industry to help breed for milk production, body type, frame, structure, feet and legs, and much more. Dairy farmers use AI because they don’t want to keep different bulls on their farm. From an economic standpoint, farmers don’t want to feed and invest time and other costs when there is little profit. Moreover, dairy bulls are notorious for being aggressive and territorial thus extremely dangerous to work with.
Bulls do not have the same characteristics and features as cows do, so one may wonder how farmers choose which bull to breed with which cows to get the desirable characteristics. Bulls are only successful by characteristics that their daughters develop. These include milk production, size, structure, frame, to name a few. Furthermore, bulls whose daughters are successful in the show circuit hold more value.
In the 1970s, the dairy industry gave ride to one of the most impactful bulls in the Holstein industry: Arlinda Chief (Glendell). Glendell Arlinda Chief’s father is Pawnee Farm Arlinda Chief and his mother was Glendell Ned Boy Adron. Glendell’s breeders were Kenny Hartman Sr and Joann Hartman, I know them as my grandparents, and were the owners of Glendell Farms in Waterloo, Illinois. At least 15% of the dairy cattle in the United States come have bloodlines tracing Glendell Arlinda Chief. His offspring and superior bloodlines are well known in the Holstein breed. Some of the more well-known animals that have Glendell’s bloodline are Long-Langs Oman Oman, Maple-Downs-I G W Atwood, Arlinda Rotate, and also in the following picture Regancrest Elton Durham-ET, Mjr Blackstar Emory-ET, Emprise Bell Elton, Mara-Thon Bw Marshall, Fustead Emory Blitz-ET, O-Bee Manfred Justice, KHW Kite Advent-RED-ET, Erbacres Damion.